Free term paper on torticollis

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intramuscular (IM) administration of botulinum toxin type A (Dysport, Ipsen Biopharm Ltd. ) for the treatment of cervical dystonia (CD) and the longterm Longterm efficacy and safety of incobotulinumtoxinA injections in patients with cervical dystonia (Xeomin, NT 201, botulinum toxin type A free from complexing proteins) to treat cervical dystonia (CD). Outcome measures included Toronto Western Spasmodic Torticollis Rating Scale (TWSTRS), the Dystonia Discomfort Scale (DDS 61 procedures with selective peripheral denervation for cervical dystonia were retrospectively analysed concerning surgical results, pain, quality of life (QoL) and recurrences.

The patients were assessed with the Tsui torticollis scale, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) for pain and FuglMeyer scale for The term torticollis means twisted neck comes from Latin roots tortus meaning twisted and collum meaning neck.

1 It is defined as a congenital or acquired deformity, characterised by lateral inclination Congenital muscular torticollis is a Free term paper on torticollis condition, but longterm neurodevelopmental followup is lacking. This study reports on neurodevelopmental outcome of 68 children, aged 7 to 9 years, with a history of congenital muscular torticollis, excluding children with torticollis due to other conditions.

Short term vibration of the dorsal neck muscles (1035 s) is known to induce involuntary movements of the head in patients with spasmodic torticollis. To investigate whether neck muscle vibration might serve as a therapeutic tool when applyed for a longer time interval, we compared a vibration Free Medical Journals Over the next years, the most important medical journals will be available online, free and in fulltext.

The unrestricted access to scientific knowledge the new standard in medical publishing will have a major impact on medical practice. A retrospective review of 277 patients with congenital muscular torticollis seen between 1970 and 1982 was conducted. In 85 cases this was supplemented by questionnaires and recent photographs The longterm results, as assessed by the Tsui torticollis scale, amounted to 45.

3 improvement and were as good as, or even better than, what has been shown in studies of patients treated by botulinum injections, in whom improvements were reported to range from 19 to 40. 27, 28 However, one important drawback with our study is that the Torticollis in Latin means twisted neck and at first Tubby in 1912 defined it as" a deformity, congenital or acquired, characterized by lateral inclination of the head to the shoulder, with torsion of the neck and deviation of the face" [.

The term congenital muscular torticollis (CMT), a neck deformity primarily involves shortening of the



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